UPDATED: Hawks, doves and skeptics will certainly be arguing about what this latest announcement really means.
In what looks like a rare diplomatic change of heart this week, Israeli leader Benjamin Netanyahu has issued an apology over Israel’s role in attacking a Turkish humanitarian flotilla which tried to break Israel’s humanitarian blockade of Gaza in 2010.
Turkish PM Recep Tayyip Erdogan has also agreed to accept the Israeli apology and to normalise relations between the two nations, relations which abruptly broke down following the UN report in 2011 which made public the storming of Gaza bound aid flotilla. Turkey has also agreed to drop its criminal charges against Israeli military brass, including those against former chief of staff Lt.-General Gabi Ashkenazi.
|The Mavi Marmara Gaza aid flotilla from Turkey in 2010|
Nearly three years and a scathing UN report later, with nine Turkish dead and bereaving families – many would ask, what took Israel so long to respond, and why now?
In some ways this is uncharted territory, because seldom has Israel ever reached out and offered a retraction for its sins of the past. On the surface, it’s certainly a positive move for both countries’ diplomatic relations.
This latest and extremely rare mea culpa by Netanyahu has left some surprised, and many skeptics wondering what Israel might be expecting in return for such a conciliatory announcement.
Israel’s international image has long been tarnished by its refusal engage in diplomatic talks, or observe dozens of UN resolutions which have been passed in an attempt to bring it in line with international norms.
Netanyahu has described the Gaza Flotilla incident in 2010 as “unintentional”, but some passengers aboard the ill-fated Mavi Marmara are not convinced.
Former US Marine and humanitarian aid worker Ken O’Keefe was a survivor of the Flotilla, and is convinced of the Israeli PM sincerity on the issue. O’Keefe says:
Insincere apologies offered and accepted by corrupt governments is nothing more than theatre, it is an insult to the memory of those martyred on the Mavi Marmara and to the people of Gaza themselves.
I would certainly ask any sane people to consider if it were their brother, their father, their husband who was murdered, would an apology and money be sufficient for you?
American aid worker Ken O’Keefe
aboard the Gaza Flotilla
Quoting Israel’s own “eye for an eye” foreign policy doctrine of retaliation, and judging by Israel’s own past record following comparable incidents, if the shoe were on the other foot – with nine dead Israeli passengers, arguably this would have prompted a stern reaction in the form of either targeted assassinations, or a surgical airstrikes by Israel against Turkish assets, as a result of such a high-profile international incident.
If readers are in any doubt as to the plausibility of this scenario, consider the quid pro quo which followed Hezzbolah’s 2006 capture of only two Israeli soldiers, Eldad Regev and Udi Goldwasser. The result was a 33 day bombardment and military siege of Lebanon which left an estimated 1,191 Lebanese civilians dead, 4,409 injured and hundreds of thousands more internally and externally displaced – a huge black mark on Israel’s own record of wanton aggression against its neighbors.
This latest apparent olive branch by Tel Aviv to Ankara should also be underscored by Israel’s own much-maligned history lack of any apologies or statements relating to the Palestinians themselves, perpetual victims of violence and oppression since Israel forcibly etched itself into the region in 1948. O’Keefe sees this political reality reflected in the flotilla incident. He explains:
They (flotilla victims) died because they refused to accept the unacceptable and what is unacceptable is the collective punishment of 1.6 million people in Gaza, over half of which are children. There is only one thing that will even come close to justice and that is a 100% end of the blockade and massive compensation to the traumatised, injured, grieving people of Gaza, as well as the complete rebuilding of Gaza.
More than likely, this latest announcement was a result of US President Barrack Obama’s need for a win, albeit even a small one. It’s clear that this time, Obama had to return to Washington DC with something other than AIPAC photo-ops, and the normal obligatory public relations visit to Israel required by successive US Presidents.
More to the point however, is Israel’s cooperation with the US and British-led plans for the region.
Helping to patch-up relations with Turkey is one thing, but Obama’s political appearance in Israel and this agreement between Turkey and Israel cannot be looked at without taking into account the wider geopolitical chessboard.
Both countries have a stake in whatever outcome results from the present upheaval in Syria. From a US and NATO standpoint, it is highly unfavourable – and unlikely, that a NATO country like Turkey and US partner state Israel would not be on the same page regarding the NATO Allies’ plans for regime change in Syria. Prior to the Gaza Flotilla raid by Israel, IDF fighter jets were allowed to train Turkish airspace for long-range missions, and would likely require the cooperation of Turkey for any future pre-emptive strike against Iran. Will these exercises now resume again?
Although at odds over their security interests and Syria’s geopolitical alignment with Iran, both Israel and Syria have experienced relative détente since a UN brokered armistice was signed between the two countries in 1974. But recent Syria rebel exploits in the Golan Height have jarred the balance of that situation, and Israel would likely make the first move should the UN’s UNIFIL peacekeeping force, or Damascus ever appear too weak to maintain their hold over the Golan security buffer zone. If the Bashar al Assad regime does fall in Syria, most analysts and pundits are in agreement that the country will descend into a sectarian and paramilitary chaos not unlike that witnessed following NATO last regime change operation in Libya – an outcome which would all but guarantee instability and more violence in the region for many years to come.
Although Netanyahu and Erdogan are said to have agreed on working together to improve the humanitarian situation in the Palestinian, they also mentioned they would cooperate doing the same in Syria.
In addition to absorbing thousands of Syria refugees from the conflict, Israel’s neighbor Jordan has already taken on the role of facilitator for the US, Britain and France’s proxy war in Syria, but allowing itself to be the main conduit for the transfer of weapons and training for the confab of Syrian Rebel militants and some al Qaeda-affiliated fighting groups – all backed by the NATO allies, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar… under the table, as it were. From a NATO standpoint, Israel will also need to be on the same page as Jordan.
In addition to all this, Israel has long coveted both land and natural resource interests in Syria’s Golan Heights region, which is water for Israel’s agricultural industry and also the recent announcement and pending license application for plans for Israel develop newly discovered oil in that area.
This latest maneuvering may appear like a bizarre U-turn by Israel, and not without some similarly bizarre comments from the Turkish side too.
In an oddly worded communiqué, the Turkish PM Erdogan’s office also released a statement on Friday saying, “Erdogan told Binyamin Netanyahu that he valued centuries-long strong friendship and cooperation between the Turkish and Jewish nations”. Some might ask here: which centuries-old Jewish nations was he referring to? It’s probably just a political gaffe.
An earlier version of this story was originally published on RT.com