This article is the first in a series commemorating the release of the author’s greatly revised and expanded second edition of his book “Chemtrails Exposed: A New Manhattan Project” available now exclusively at Amazon. For all the latest developments, please sign up to the author’s email list at his website PeterAKirby.com.
There is compelling evidence directly linking the weather derivatives market to weather modification and chemtrails. It is found in the work of a University of Missouri professor by the name of James D. McQuigg (1920-1985). McQuigg writes of ‘contrail cirrus’ generated by jet aircraft as a means to modify atmospheric temperature. This was all in the context of what such temperature modification would mean for the demand of electrical power, of course. McQuigg went on to invent the foundations of Enron’s weather derivatives market. The full story, including details of Enron’s involvement can be found in the author’s book Chemtrails Exposed: A New Manhattan Project.
According to his American Meteorological Society (AMS) obituary, McQuigg enlisted in the Army Air Corps shortly after the attack on Pearl Harbor, he studied meteorology at the Rockefeller founded and funded University of Chicago, and later became a fellow of the AMS. In 1974 he helped establish a branch of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) in Columbia, Missouri known as their Center for Environmental Assessment Services.
Our trail of evidence begins in 1968 with the tenth annual National Science Foundation (NSF) weather modification report. It reads:
Under NSF support, the University of Missouri is continuing its study of a method to determine the potential impact of weather and climate modification upon the social and economic structure of a sample State such as Missouri. The electrical power industry has been considered to be one which is both weather sensitive and one for which data useful for statistically isolating this relationship are available. For this reason it was decided to make study of the potential effects of weather modification on its operation. Daily electrical power demand data covering a number of midwestern states were supplied by the Edison Electric Institute.
Using these data and Weather Bureau temperature records, it was possible to construct a series of power loads for each of a number of regions in the study area corresponding to the modified and nonmodified temperature series. Power generation costs and capacities for each of the regions in the study area were then entered into a linear programming model. With the modified and nonmodified load series, it was possible to construct two estimates of the cost of supplying power to the area. Each area power supply cost was a minimum given the loads and existing generation facilities. Comparisons of the costs of supplying power to the area during the summer months then provided an estimate of the direct effect of potential temperature modification on the electrical industry.
When one continues to dig a little deeper, finding further documentation of this work done at the University of Missouri, one finds the entire smoking gun. An April 1969 paper by M. Lawrence Nicodemus and James D. McQuigg titled “A Simulation Model for Studying Possible Modification of Surface Temperature” shows us that this temperature modification was to be accomplished by the generation of ‘contrail cirrus’ from jet aircraft. According to their model, this contrail cirrus was supposedly going to cause atmospheric temperatures to fall in the warm summer months. The deceptive nature of this 1969 paper is simply astounding. First of all, when any type of cloud cover is present, surface temperatures go up, not down, because cloud cover traps heat. But the authors of this paper were apparently following the lead of the SRM geoengineering thesis which also involves such incorrect assertions. Secondly, the paper includes a photograph of chemtrails incorrectly labeled as contrails.
Nicodemus and McQuigg write that their paper only pertains to models of possible future activities – while at the same time, they provide photographic evidence of these activities as being currently ongoing! Only the CIA could have come up with such convoluted nonsense. This 1969 paper provides the earliest example known to the author of the term ‘contrail cirrus.’ We should also note that modification of atmospheric temperature was, at the time, disclosed as a whole new area of weather modification. Up until this point, the historical weather modification literature almost entirely concerned itself with the dispersal of silver iodide or dry ice for the purposes of precipitation enhancement or hail suppression.
Late in 1969, McQuigg along with two co-authors once again laid the foundations of the modern weather derivatives market by explicitly fusing the nascent field of atmospheric temperature modification with the generation of electrical power. In their seminal paper titled “Temperature Modification and Costs of Electric Power Generation,” McQuigg once again writes of contrail cirrus from jet aircraft as being the means for modifying atmospheric temperature.
Lastly, sealing his position as the intellectual founder of the market, in 1975 McQuigg invented the ‘degree day’ term. The term ‘degree day’ is used in today’s weather derivatives market to determine the value of weather derivatives contracts. It refers to the number of degrees above or below 65 degrees Fahrenheit the average temperature of a given day is. The earliest example known to the author of the ‘degree day’ term and the 65 degree threshold appears in a 1975, NSF-funded report titled “Economic Impacts of Weather Variability” by James McQuigg.
Boom. The weather derivatives market is directly related to weather modification. This is where the reader pauses for a moment to consider the magnitude of these findings. Although market participants claim otherwise, Enron’s weather derivatives market was and is about weather modification. Now where is our Congressional investigation?
James D. McQuigg American Meteorological Society obituary, published in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 67, No. 8, August 1986 p1061
Tenth annual National Science Foundation weather modification report, 1968
“A Simulation Model for Studying Possible Modification of Surface Temperature” a paper by M. Lawrence Nicodemus and James D. McQuigg, published by the Journal of Applied Meteorology, April 1969
“Temperature Modification and Costs of Electric Power Generation” a paper by S.R. Johnson, James D. McQuigg, and Thomas P. Rothrock, published by the Journal of Applied Meteorology, December 1969
“Economic Impacts of Weather Variability” a report by James D. McQuigg, prepared at the University of Missouri, Columbia, Department of Atmospheric Science, August 1975
Peter A. Kirby is a San Rafael, CA researcher, author, and activist. Please buy the greatly revised and expanded second edition of his book Chemtrails Exposed: A New Manhattan Project available now exclusively at Amazon. Also please join his email list at his website PeterAKirby.com.
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