12 Frugal Lessons From the Great Depression

great_depressionBy Gaye Levy

During the Great Depression, frugality was considered a virtue and the phrase “Use it up, Wear it out and Make it do” was the guiding principle in most households.

Times were tough.  This meant that everything from bits of strings to worn out clothing was saved and re-purposed in some other manner.  Not only that, but every last bit of food from a can or bottle was swished out with a bit of water and used to flavor a soup or stew.  Printed chicken feed sacks became skirts and flour sacks became underwear.  Nothing was wasted.

These days, most of us are too young to have lived through the Great Depression.  On the other hand, many individuals who were children or teenagers at the time have chronicled their life during that era, and have brought it back to life in vivid detail.

Something that rings true in many of these memoirs is that as youngsters, everyone was poor.  No one felt specially deprived since everyone was in the same boat.  And if one family was worse off than another?  Neighbors helped neighbors as best they could.  Children, parents, and grandparents formed extended families that made do.

Times were hard then, yet family values were strong.  Things are different now, yet one thing remains clear:  a second Great Depression could happen at any time.  For that reason, as citizens of the world and as preppers, we need to learn from the old ways and to embrace the time-honored frugality that was a way of life for our parents and grandparents.

Money Does Matter

As much as I would like to say that money does not matter, in the here and now, money is the currency of trade.  It is required to buy food, put clothes on our backs, and to pay for the shelter of our homes.  Plus, the last time I checked, you also need money to pay taxes (whether you feel you get good value from those taxes or not).

Here on Backdoor Survival, I have written about family preparedness as a lifestyle.  I have tried to impart choices that you can make to ensure that you and your loved ones live a good long time in good health and within a safe environment.   From time to time I throw in an occasional essay or rant, too, because after all, we all need to get the angst off our chests once in a while.

So where does that leave us?  Here are a dozen old-fashioned tips for conserving your hard-earned cash so that you have a little extra left over for those extra preps as well as a few lifestyle treats that we all need every once in a while.

Frugal Lessons Learned from the Great Depression

1.  If you already have it, use it

Think about it. Over the years you have accumulated lots of stuff. Some of it may be a bit shop worn and out of style, but the stuff is still serviceable. If it still works, use it.  You may even begin to think of your oldies but goodies as trusty friends.

Don’t give in to the bombardment of ads encouraging you to go out and purchase the latest model or the next best thing.  If money is burning a hole in your pocket, use it for something you truly need, not something you merely want.

2.  Shop for a bargain and get it cheaper

Research all of your major purchases and some of the minor ones, too. Check out the online reviews and also the recommendations of friends so that you can be an informed consumer. Ask the clerks at the store when the item of interest will go on sale. Believe it or not, you will sometimes be offered a discount on the spot. It happens.

Here is related hint: watch for price protection and price matching.  Did you know that if you purchase something on Amazon.com and the price is reduced within a seven-day period they will give you a refund.  You do need to ask, but doing a spot check may be well worth your time, especially on large purchases.


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3.  Used can be just as good as new

Sometimes it makes good sense to buy used. Furniture can be purchased for a song on Craigslist or at garage sales and, heck, you can often get some pretty good stuff for free.

Another area where you can save really big bucks is on clothing – eBay is a gold mine for name brand clothing that is often new. Evening gowns, tuxedos, wedding wear and other dress-up items are especially cheap on eBay. On the other hand, be wary of used electronics since there is no substitute for hands-on testing prior your purchase.

4.  Learn to cook

Restaurant meals can be a rat hole for cash.  So is your local, specialty coffee shop. That is not to say that you should avoid eating and drinking out completely, but make those occasions a special treat rather than something you do because you are too tired or too lazy to cook.

Can’t cook?  Get yourself a basic cookbook and call a friend over to help get you started. Once you start eating home-cooked food, you will be hooked on how delicious those vegetables and salads taste. While you are at it, don’t forget about cakes and cookies. Homemade is always better than store bought.

Remember grandma’s fresh baked chocolate chip cookies, or in my case, Biscochos?

5.  Become a fix-it guru

Before sending that broken appliance to the garbage heap and replacing it with something new, try to fix it yourself. There are many web sites (www.fixya.com, www.instructables.com) that offer lots of how-to’s for fixing everything from your Maglite to your laser printer to your espresso machine.

In addition, you can find service manuals for many products on line at the manufacturer’s web site. And, lastly, try calling the customer service number. Many times the company will guide you through troubleshooting steps or even send you free parts. I have found that this works especially well with plumbing issues.

6.  Make if yourself

You do not need a PhD in home economics or engineering to make your own cleaning supplies, build your own compost bin or construct a set of bookshelves.  Using inexpensive supplies and some basic tools, you can create all sort of things.

The Instructables website mentioned above as well as YouTube are a haven for the both the novice and the not-so-novice do-it-yourselfer.  Just be forewarned.  Once you go to either site to look for something, you may find yourself browsing – and learning – for hours on end.  It’s actually fun!

7.  Move fashion to the bottom of the list

Choose function over fashion. This is difficult, I know. But think about the item you intend to purchase and how it is going to be used. A fancy, Kitchen Aid Stand Mixer may look great on your counter, gorgeous actually, but if you only cook the basics and don’t bake, a $15 hand mixer may be all that you need.

This same concept applies to lots of things: clothing, TVs, jewelry, you name it.  This especially applies to cars.  My own vehicle is 13 years old and still going strong.

8.  Do it yourself

Mow your own lawn, clean your own house, give yourself a manicure, wash your own dog. Now if you truly hate to do something, don’t do it if you can afford to hire it out.  Or, better yet, trade a chore you detest with a chore that someone else dislikes.  You both get the job done without spending a dime.

Life is too short to be miserable. But for the most part, with a bit of time management, there are lots of things you can do yourself with just bit of effort. Not paying for services that you can perform yourself is a great way to save a lot of money.

9.  Take advantage of freebies

Use public beaches, parks and trail systems for recreational activities. Use your public library. Go online and download geographically specific recreational guides and even preparedness manuals from your state and county web sites. None of these are technically free because your taxes have paid for them, but they are free in the sense you have no additional out-of-pocket costs.

Speaking of libraries, have you checked yours out lately? Most libraries now have a robust collection of eBooks, audio books, audio book players, music CDs, DVDs and more. I often will select a book at the library so that I can look it over prior to making a purchase for my Kindle.

10.  Get out of debt

This is obvious and is the subject of the recent article, The No-Nonsense Guide to Getting Out of Debt.  Check out the snowball method described in this article to pay things off as quickly as possible.

Sure, you may have a mortgage payment and possibly a car payment.  But credit card debt?  I hope not but if you happen to be saddled with credit card debt, come up with a one- or two-year plan to pay off the debt.  Just be sure that you also toss all of your credit cards into a drawer, never to see daylight again unless there is a dire emergency.

The old saying made popular by banksters “use your credit card . . . it is the same as cash” simply does not work any more.  It never did.

Go back over the tips listed above.  Use what you have.  Fix it if it is broken.  Choose function over fashion.  Now put that credit card back in your wallet!  Better yet, hide it in the back of your dresser drawer.

11. Build an emergency cash fund

Stuff happens.

Your car has a mechanical breakdown and there is no other way to get to work or to town so you have to have it fixed.  Wouldn’t it be nice to have a cookie jar full of dollar bills so that you can pay for the repairs?  In the old days, this was called a rainy day fund.  These days, it is called an emergency fund.

Much like prepping, this is one thing you can do using baby steps.  How about one meal a week of beans, rice, and a nice chunk of healthy bread (that you have made yourself)?  This type of meal is extremely economical and you can put the money you save into your emergency fund.  You will be surprised at how quickly $5 dollars a week adds up.

Equally important is that no matter what your age, by saving a small amount each week, you are building a lifetime habit – one that will serve  you well for many years to come and hopefully one that you will pass on to your children.

12.  Save for the special things in life

Now we get to the nitty gritty.  This is my favorite tip.

Reward yourself for being a both smart and frugal.  Come up with an occasional treat.  Perhaps it is a shiny new pocket knife. Or perhaps a special meal out and movie.  Or perhaps it is a weekend away at the ocean.  For some, the special treat may be something a simple as a bouquet of flowers or a some decadent dark chocolate.

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My current splurge is a new Adult Coloring Book.  This is a fantastic hobby that I took up a few months ago.  I admit to being totally obsessed.  A new coloring book in print format will run $5 to $15 and is a total splurge over the eBook version I can print for free.  This is my own personal “special thing”.  Find yours and save for it.

Life would be very boring if you did not reach out and do something extraordinary once in awhile.  Go ahead.  You have earned it.

The Final Word

Being frugal is not being cheap. And being frugal is definitely not the same as being chintzy.  Quite the contrary. Being frugal means that you have made a lifestyle choice to spend your money on the things you need, no more and no less. I call that the Sweet Spot of Frugal.

If you plan well, you will be able to celebrate your frugality y doing special and joyful.  So my recommendation? Go ahead and use it up, wear it out and make it do.  And if you can not do that, do without.

Enjoy your next adventure through common sense and thoughtful preparation!

Gaye started Backdoor Survival, where this article first appeared, to share her angst and concern about our deteriorating economy and its impact on ordinary, middle-class folks. She also wanted to become a prepper of the highest order and to share her knowledge as she learned it along the way. She considers her sharing of knowledge her way of giving back and as always, we at Activist Post are grateful for her contributions. If you would like to read more from Gaye Levy, check out her blog at http://www.backdoorsurvival.com/. You can also visit her Facebook page or sign up for updates by email by clicking on Backdoor Survival Updates.

  • Jolly Roger

    Who are you talking to with this article? Most Americans have been living this way for years. (it sounds like it was written by a rich guy who just discovered that his stock portfolio isn’t worth what he thought it was)

    • Pyra Gorgon

      Thanks for posting that, Jolly R. I was thinking exactly same thing. The only one I do not do is #11 for the simple fact that there is no such thing as “extra money” around here to build a emergency fund. That whole $5 bucks a week stuff sounds like bootstrap morality but really it would take a person something like 10 years of five bucks a week to even make moderate vehicle repairs given $95 hr. mechanic fees….

    • John Cook

      Not a ‘rich guy’, it was written by a female Tribe member just making a few shekels by exploiting our poverty.

    • Al Kene

      Ditto.
      Having already practiced extreme frugality for years out of necessity, I can’t help but assume that the author and I don’t belong to the same country club.

  • bonnielou

    I am a grandma born in 1942 and I have been doing all these things all my life.

    • Tuaca1107

      Yea my dad was born in 1926 and we lived exactly as this article recommends. If we went to the movies, we went to basement of my parents friends house where their son had a small movie theater. Complete with coke and huge bags of M&M’s.

      When we went out to dinner we went to Quick Way for $.29 burgers. When we went to fancy dinner we went with my grandparent’s.

      We played card games and board games. The big expense was a membership to a swimming pool. We hung out there all the time all day long.

      We had oatmeal sometimes for dinner and my mom made a lot of our clothes.

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